Textile Learning Details

Textile and Garments Industry of Bangladesh - L2

Bangladesh has converted home to the earth’s second-largest textile and garment business. They are approaching behindhand China for exporting all types of apparel. The readymade garment is a novel trend in the entire world. It adds 20% to the net domestic product of Bangladesh.

In the previous 7 years, Bangladesh has gained consideration in RGM by making profits starting from 19 billion dollars and developing it to more than 30 billion dollars. It is an outstanding success by an upsurge of 79 percent in less than 10 years. They have persisted over a terrible crisis wherever they lost their staff. But this tragedy aided them by achieving a better atmosphere that is more protected and healthy for staff. These deviations made them enticing in the RGM marketplace.

Bangladesh’s textile and garments industry has developed very quickly over the previous decade, creating it the world’s 2nd-biggest exporter of attires. The RMG segment, tied with other attire exports accounts for up to 81 percent of the state’s export incomes. And the fast-growing attire industry adds up to 20 percent to Bangladesh’s GDP, more than any other secondary business sector. Clothing makers in Bangladesh are leading the financial development in the country.

Evolution of Textile Industry:

With farming as the country’s principal employment, Bangladesh began to grow as a more noteworthy clothing exporter country before the attention shifted toward the export business. In 2013, Bangladesh’s textile business made up to 79 percent of the state’s export revenue, and by the finish of 2021; Bangladesh plans to accomplish a target of attire exports worth 50 billion dollars.

The increase in Bangladesh’s textile business started taking place through the growing wages in other states. The countries for example Korea then noted the low manufacturing values together with the low salaries the government paid to its garment laborers and started venturing into the textile business of Bangladesh. The country is now the principal destination for subcontracting to foreign attire manufacturers.

Presently, Bangladesh has more than 5,000 plants working in the textile segment that employ practically 4 million publics each year. Most of the staff of the textile business is made up of females.

What creates the garment business of Bangladesh to grow?

Bangladesh had started the export industry throughout the 1980s, as well as the business kept increasing ever since. As stated earlier, the country’s attire and textile export had augmented a lot by 2012, Bangladesh came to light afterward the event at Rana Plaza.

Rana Plaza, an eight-story garment in Dhaka, was distorted on April 23, 2013. The mishap caused 1,100 persons to die and conveyed Bangladesh’s mutely growing business into the light.

While it triggered the country to emphasize safety measures, it presented the country as an inexpensive manufacturer of apparel. The minimum salary a garment worker earns in the Bangladeshi business is even less than that of a Chinese employee.

More than 58% of garments made in Bangladesh are sent to European marketplaces, and as stated by a report, merely 2% of the rate of an item goes back to the employee who made it. This plainly displays that the deficiency of standard salaries, a big number of workers, and the inexpensive cost of energy in Bangladesh are the causes producers are getting more and more fascinated by the production here.

America and Europe. Fascinatingly, the prices of material items from Bangladesh remain astonishingly very light. As of late, Bangladeshi values of attire, as well as content items in the U.S. marketplace, outpaced those of India.

Recent Initiatives to Face Challenges:

§ Garment Palli

BGMEA, the top body of the export-leaning garment segment has decided to create a combined garment park that would welcome the local and foreign financiers. It establishes businesses to production unit of a comprehensive value chain- from raw material sourcing toward the delivery level termed as “the Garment Palli”

§ Knit Village

BKMEA, the top body of the export leaning knitwear businesses undertook a project to set up “Special Economic Zones for Knit Sector named “Knit Village”, which would locate all related businesses inside one border with its own power plants, bonded warehouse, Inland container terminal, wastewater treatment plants, etc. Currently, International Finance Corporation Dhaka Office in association with BKMEA is undertaking a pre-viability study to set up Knit Cluster, wherever the writer is a foremost expert.

§ Liberalizing Power segment for the Private Venture

The Govt of Bangladesh has taken lawmaking and controlling verdicts to allow founding private power plants underneath public-private partnership (PPP) idea to attract local plus foreign investment to face the crying requirement of electricity in the business sector, particularly the textile and garment businesses. Any industrial park could have its individual power plants.

§ Increase of Least Salaries

 The Govt of Bangladesh has taken lawmaking and controlling decisions in association with the factory proprietors, related government institutions, trade unions plus other stakeholders of the textile and garment segment to upsurge the minimum wage of the workers from USD 23 to USD 43.20 every month.

§ Training and Capacity Building of NITRATED

BTMA, the height body of spinning and textile businesses has taken over training institute i.e. NITRATED from the Govt of Bangladesh in association for training as well as capacity building of textile and attire labors.

§ National Social Welfare Group

The Govt has lately formed “National Social Welfare Committee” underneath the Ministry of Commerce to promote the living criteria of the staff, particularly in the textile and garments business sector.


With a population greater than 164.6 million people and plentiful energy resources, Bangladesh is definitely a great fascination for garment producers all around the world. Its big workforce that has a more noteworthy number of females helps meet the target at inexpensive rates and less time.

Though the events like Rana Plaza had upraised questions on the nation’s credibility concerning the safety of the laborers for some time, the producers are now getting certificates for the green buildings as well as other security actions have been taken too.

Keeping the country’s loyalty and manufacturer-friendly strategies, it is no surprise that producers all around the world are moving their attention to Bangladesh.